The application of “Virtual Reality” as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool offers new possibilities for the understanding, evaluation and rehabilitation of numerous psychiatric disorders, among which, for example, phobias, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, attention, schizophrenia, etc. Among the new digital media, Virtual Reality systems and three-dimensional sound and interactive environments, in general, are those that provide the highest level of involvement and participation by the subject, which, inserted in a structured and complex three-dimensional environment , acquires the opportunity to interact with simulated objects and situations as if they were really present (Riva, 2004).

Unlike what happens for other information and communication tools, the learning processes mediated by Virtual Reality have a specific pragmatic and simulative character, so that the knowledge of the world is the direct result of the interaction with it and of the observation of the others’ behavior.

In short, Virtual Reality allows reproducing complex situations of daily life in which psychopathological reactions and cognitive functions of patients can be assessed more reliably than in laboratory situations. Also, through Virtual Reality it is possible to reproduce environmental and social situations that can stimulate the subject in a similar way to the corresponding real context, allowing to modulate the intensity and duration of the experience according to the needs of the program and the needs of the subject.

From page 29 the topic of Telerehabilitation is treated with our VRRS systems.